TMD Treatment Options
Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is a group of conditions that are often painful and affect the jaw joint and the muscles that control chewing. The cause of TMD is unclear. The treatment options should be made in conjunction with a dentist experienced in TMD. Treatment Options for TMD includes the following:
Self Care Management Techniques
- Watching the types of food you eat (eat soft foods and no hard foods)
- Watching how you chew foods and avoid chewing gum
- Monitor jaw movements
- Home physical therapy
- Cold compresses
- Apply heat
Ask dentist for a splint or night guard
- Night guard is a plastic mouth piece that fits over the upper and lower teeth. The goal is to prevent clenching and grinding of teeth. It also can correct the bite by positioning teeth in the correct position.
Alternative Treatments for TMD
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: Uses low-level electrical currents to provide pain relief by relaxing the jaw joint and facial muscles.
- Ultrasound: Ultrasound treatment s deep heat that is applied to the area to relieve soreness or improve mobility.
- Trigger point injections: Pain medication or anesthesia is injected into trigger points to relieve pain.
- Radio wave Therapy: Radio waves create a low level electrical stimulation to the joint, which increases blood flow
- Botox Treatment: Research shows patients receiving botox injections are experiencing improvements in pain, function and ability to open mouth.
- Occlusal equilibration: If a dentist identifies deflective interferences on the teeth that are affecting the bite and causing improper jaw closure, this procedure maybe a viable option.
TMD Surgery (www. webmd.com)
- Arthrocentesis: Minor procedure performed for sudden-onset, closed lock cases in patients with no significant prior history of TMJ problems.
- Arthroscopy: Surgeon removes inflamed tissue or realign the disc or condyle.
- Open Joint Surgery: The entire area around the TMJ is opened so the surgeon can get a better access.